Reptiles 爬虫类

Crocodiles 鳄鱼

Saltwater crocodile 咸水鳄 Buaya air laut
Scientific Name: Crocodylus porosus
Photo’s location: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve
Size: Length: 4.3 – 5.2 m (Male, Adult), 2.7 – 3.4 m (Female, Adult)
Identification: Young saltwater crocodiles are pale yellow with black stripes and spots found on the body and tail. Adults are darker with light tan to gray areas. The ventral surface is white or yellow in color, and stripes are present on the lower sides of the body but do not extend to the belly. The tail is gray with dark bands.
Habitat: coastal waters or rivers where they can swim between freshwater and brackish water.
Eating behaviour: In the wild, crocodiles eat insects, fish, small frogs, lizards, crustaceans and small mammals.

Lizards 蜥蜴

Central bearded dragon 鬃狮蜥 Naga Berjanggut Tengah
Scientific Name: Pogona vitticeps
Photo’s location: Sentosa Butterfly Park & Insect Kingdom
Size: up to 60 cm
Identification: The tail is almost the same length of the head and body. The head is triangular in shape and can appear to have a striped pattern along the jaws.
Habitat: temperate to tropical arid to semi-arid woodland, shrubland and hummock grassland (with scattered trees).
Eating behaviour: eat both insect and plant material.

Malayan Water Monitor lizards 紅樹巨蜥 Biawak Air
Scientific Name: Varanus salvator
Photo’s location: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore Botanic Gardens and Gardens by the Bay
Size: 2.5-3m long
Identification: The color is usually dark brown or blackish, with yellow spots on the underpart of the lizard.
Habitat: throughout Southeast Asia in virtually all habitats including urban areas
Eating behaviour: crabs and other large invertebrates.


Rhinoceros iguana 犀牛鬣蜥 Iguana Badak Sumbu

Scientific Name: Cyclura cornuta
Photo’s location: Butterfly Park & Insect Kingdom
Size: length from 60 to 136 cm
The rhinoceros iguana, like other members of the genus Cyclura, is a large-bodied, heavy-headed lizard with strong legs and a vertically flattened tail. A crest of pointed horned scales extends from the nape of their neck to the tip of their tail. Their color is a uniform gray to brown drab.
Habitat: forests, dry and rocky scrubland, often close to the sea.
Eating behaviour: vegetation including fruits, leaves, shrubs and flowers.

Snake 蛇

Dog-faced Water Snake 波加丹蛇 Ular Air Berwajah Anjing

Scientific Name: Cerberus rynchops
Photo’s location: Pasir Ris Park
Size: Can grows up to 127cm. but usually found below 70cm.
Identification: Black or olive green with with black jagged bands and black checkered bellies with yellow in between.
Habitat: mangroves, mudflats, streams, ponds, tidal pools, on algae patches, and has even been found burrowing into the mud.
Eating behaviour: Feeds mainly on fish and is known to consume eels.

Mangrove Pit-viper, Shore Pit-Viper 红树林蝮蛇, 紅樹竹葉青 Ular kapak bakau

Scientific Name: Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus
Photo’s location: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Pasir Ris Park
Size: Males grow to a total length of 66.5 cm, females 90 cm
Scales are heavily keeled, giving the body a rough appearance. Heat-sensing pits are located on the head between the nose and each eye. Body is brown, gray, olive, or greenish-yellow above and lighter below, with large dark blotches across the back and a white stripe on the sides.
Habitat: near the water and very humid areas like mangrove forests and coastal forests along the ocean or also brackish water.
Eating behaviour: hunt a wide variety of prey, including other snakes, lizards and frogs. Most frequently, they forage for small mammals, such as bats and birds (and their eggs).

Oriental Whip Snake 綠瘦蛇 Ular pucuk
Scientific Name: Ahaetulla prasina
Photo’s location: Pasir Ris Park
Size: can grow up to 1.9 m long
Identification: Its head is distinct from its very slender body, with a pointed snout, most visible in side profile.
Habitat: forest edge habitats or their equivalent including parklands, wooded residential areas and rural agricultural areas.
Eating behaviour: feeding on small reptiles and amphibians.

Twin-barred Tree Snake, Twin-barred Gliding Snake 孪斑金花蛇 Ular Pokok Belang, Ular Pokok Berbelang

Scientific Name: Chrysopelea pelias
Photo’s location: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve
Size: Up to 74cm long
Reddish upper body colour and the black-edged white bars.
Habitat: generally found in forested areas, often close to some water source.
Eating behaviour: Eat birds and small mammals.

Turtles 龟鳖目

African spurred tortoise 苏卡达象龟 kura-kura afrika
Scientific Name: Centrochelys sulcata
Photo’s location: Sentosa Butterfly Park & Insect Kingdom
Size: 15–25 cm
Identification: well-defined spurs on the back of their rear legs.
Habitat: semi-arid grasslands, scrub and savannah areas along the southern edge of the Sahara Desert in Northern Africa:
Eating behaviour: eating succulent plants both for food and much of the water they need.

Red-Eared Slider Turtle 红耳滑块龟 Penyu Bertelinga Merah
Scientific Name: Trachemys scripta elegans
Photo’s location: Singapore Botanic Gardens
Size: range from 5-9 inches (13-23 cm) in length, .
Identification: red patches just behind their eyes.
Habitat: streams, rivers, ponds, lakes, swamps, and marshes.
Eating behaviour: typically voracious eaters and are omnivorous, eating both animal protein and vegetable matter.

Wildlife 野生动物

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